Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

La marche : un moyen standardisable de l'évaluation des capacités au cours des maladies cardiovasculaires ?

Abstract : Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases remain the first cause of mortality and handicap in the world. With the improvements in the management of the acute phase, the number of patients with limited exercise capacity due to chronic cardiovascular disease is increasing. The aim of this thesis was to conduct a thorough study of the use of standardized walk tests to assess exercise capacity in coronary artery disease patients. We first explain the concepts of handicap and quality of life in chronic diseases, and the need for functional evaluations in order to assess their impact and evolution. We then present the current modalities of cardiac rehabilitation, emphasizing the importance of physical activity. We studied the physiological demands of a 200-meter fast-walk test (200MFWT) in healthy elderly subjects, and in coronary artery disease patients. This test was well tolerated, and corresponds to an effort intensity lying between the ventilatory threshold and maximal exercise capacity. It therefore appears interesting to assess the capacities of an individual to perform activities encountered in daily life that are more intense than walking at a self-selected comfortable speed, as during the 6-minute walk test (6-MWT) (corresponding to a moderate submaximal intensity solicitation, mainly aerobic). We then investigated the minimal clinically important difference of the 6MWT and 200MFWT, in order to better appraise functional improvements in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation after an acute coronary syndrome. This difference has been estimated at 25 metres for the 6MWT. Finally, we studied the interest of using these walk tests to individualize training intensity prescription in these patients. These modalities bring patients closer to the recommended intensity, while leading to results comparable to those of more traditional training programs, without the need for repeated expensive tests. In conclusion, this work supports the use of these standardized walk tests in routine clinical setting. They bring complementary information in the assessment of functional capacity and perceived quality of life in elderly patients and those with coronary artery disease. These results are a basis for further investigations regarding their metrological properties and clinical applications in various chronic diseases that reduce exercise capacity.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00938704
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 29, 2014 - 3:28:20 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:37:54 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, May 5, 2014 - 11:05:50 AM

File

these_A_GREMEAUX_Vincent_2011....
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00938704, version 1

Collections

Citation

Vincent Gremeaux. La marche : un moyen standardisable de l'évaluation des capacités au cours des maladies cardiovasculaires ?. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Bourgogne, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011DIJOMU02⟩. ⟨tel-00938704⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1152

Files downloads

6401