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Spéciation du technétium en milieu acide : effet des rayonnements α

Abstract : This project is part of the fundamental study of technetium speciation in highly acidic medium. The behaviour of technetium in HTFMS was carried out in the absence then in the presence of α irradiation. Given these two different conditions, spectrophotometric results of Tc(VII) reduction are similar. XAS analysis indicates the formation of a cyclic dimer of Tc(IV) complexed to triflate ligands and formulated asTc₂O₂(CF₃SO₃)₄(H₂O)₄. This compound is linearized to TcIV-O-TcIV with the increase of HTFMS concentration. At high concentration of HTFMS +98% (11.15 M), the protonated species TcO₃(OH)(H₂O)₂ which is formed in the absence of external ionizing radiations, is reduced to the V oxidation state under α irradiation. Structural characterization by EXAFS spectroscopy and DFT calculations suggests the formation of monomer species of Tc(V)-triflate complexes where [OTc(F₃CSO₃)₂(H₂O)₂]⁺ and [OTc(F₃CSO₃)₂(OH)₂]⁻ compounds were proposed. In concentrated H₂SO₄ (CH₂SO₄ ≥ 12 M), α-radiolysis experiments of Tc(VII) were performed in order to compare the radiolytic behaviour of Tc(VII) in both comparable media HTFMS and H₂SO₄. XANES studies show that radiolytic reduction of Tc(VII) leads to the formation of Tc(V)-Tc(VII) mixture in H₂SO₄ 13 M and just Tc(V) in 18 M of H₂SO₄. The analysis of EXAFS spectra is consistent with the formation of [TcO(HSO₄)₃(H₂O)₂] and [TcO(HSO₄)₃(H2O)(OH)]⁻ monomer complexes in H₂SO₄ 13 M and [Tc(HSO₄)₃(SO₄)(H₂O)] and [Tc(HSO₄)₃(SO₄)(OH)]⁻ species at 18 M of H₂SO₄.
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Ibtihel Denden. Spéciation du technétium en milieu acide : effet des rayonnements α. Chimie théorique et/ou physique. Ecole des Mines de Nantes, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013EMNA0114⟩. ⟨tel-00937594⟩

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