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Le récepteur à dépendance TRKC : mécanismes moléculaires et implications dans la tumorigénèse

Abstract : The neurotrophin receptor TRKC was initially shown to induce apoptosis in settings of lackof its ligand, NT-3. This cell death was described to be important in the regulation of neuronalsurvival during sympathetic nervous system formation and finally it was linked with severaltypes of cancer. During my thesis I focused on the molecular characterization of the signaling cascade leadingto TRKC-induced apoptosis. Importantly, in order to kill, TRKC is double-cleaved bycaspases in its intracellular domain releasing a pro-apoptotic fragment, named TRKC KF(Killer Fragment). Using a yeast two-hybrid screen we identified several potential interactingpartners for TRKC KF. Initially, i focused on COBRA1, a cofactor of BRCA1.I show here that COBRA1 is requisite for TRKC-induced cell death both in vitro and in vivo,on primary neurons. COBRA1 seems to stabilize and accumulate TRKC KF at themitochondria, where TRKC KF induces the activation of BAX and therefore cytochrome crelease. Therefore, it looks that TRKC-induced cell death is dependent on the intrinsicpathway of apoptosis. During my thesis, I also took part in two projects characterizing the role of TRKC as aconditional tumor suppressor in neuroblastoma and colon cancer. We showed that inneuroblastoma tumors the pro-apoptotic function of TRKC is impaired due to an autocrineproduction loop of NT-3, which can be targeted as a therapeutic strategy. In colon cancer, wedescribed another mechanism by which tumor cells evade TRKC-induced apoptosis, morespecifically a loss of TRKC expression due to promoter hypermethylation
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Submitted on : Friday, January 24, 2014 - 4:17:09 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00936196, version 1



Gabriel Ichim. Le récepteur à dépendance TRKC : mécanismes moléculaires et implications dans la tumorigénèse. Agricultural sciences. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LYO10317⟩. ⟨tel-00936196⟩



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