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Conception de systèmes multi-antennaires pour techniques de diversité et MIMO : application aux petits objets nomades communicants

Abstract : The transmission demand for increasing data rate becomes more and more important with the development of new services in radio communication networks. To answer to this demand, one solution consists in increasing the transmission capacity of the radio channel between the base station and the handset terminal. This can be realized by increasing the number of radiating elements involved in the transmission and the reception of this radio link: we talk about MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) technique. The work realized in this thesis concerns mainly design, optimization and characterization of multi-antenna systems for MIMO and diversity techniques in LTE (Long Term Evolution) bands. Three multi bands prototypes are proposed whose two planar systems and one compact IFAs antennas system. News multiband solution and antenna position influence on the PCB were studied to realize spatial, polarization and pattern diversity with low correlation between received signals on each antenna and a good efficiency. The neutralization line was used for antennas isolation and its application in multiband was realized. The antenna load impedance has been studied with Youla & Carlin method in order to improve the frequency bandwidth of the compact IFA structure. Diversity and MIMO performances of these systems were evaluated in different propagation environments. They show that these systems can be effectively used for diversity and MIMO application.
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Ibra Dioum. Conception de systèmes multi-antennaires pour techniques de diversité et MIMO : application aux petits objets nomades communicants. Autre. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013NICE4143⟩. ⟨tel-00935084⟩

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