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Devenir à long terme de couples traités par fécondation in vitro dans la cohorte DAIFI

Abstract : Until now, most studies of couples treated by in vitro fertilization (IVF) have been centered on IVF success. Very few data are available on the long-term outcome of these couples, including spontaneous conception and adoptions. This work aimed to estimate the long-term cumulative parenthood rate, and to study factors associated with early IVF discontinuation and with spontaneous live births.The DAIFI study is a retrospective cohort including 6,507 couples who began IVF in 2000-2002 in one of the eight participating French IVF centres. Medical data on all couples were obtained from centre databases. Information on long-term outcome after leaving the IVF center was collected by postal questionnaire sent to couples in 2008-2010 (7 to 9 years after IVF initiation, participation rate 38%). Study of factors associated with participation in the postal survey suggested that the cumulative parenthood rate estimated only in participants might be biased. The different methods used to correct for non-response bias (inverse probability weighting, multiple imputation) did not modify the estimation of the cumulative parenthood rate obtained with the complete case approach. Finally, 7 to 9 years after IVF initiation, the cumulative parenthood rate was estimated at 60%, including live births following IVF, other treatment or spontaneous conception. When adoptions were also considered, the cumulative parenthood rate reached 71%. After a first failed IVF cycle, just over one couple out of four (26%) discontinued IVF treatment. Globally, couples with poor prognostic factors had a higher risk of early discontinuation of IVF treatment. However, the higher proportion of early discontinuation observed among couples with unexplained infertility could be linked to a higher chance of spontaneous pregnancy in this subpopulation. Among couples who remained childless after treatment, 24% later had a spontaneous live birth (SLB), at a median of 28 months after the first IVF attempt. Among couples who had had a child during medical treatment, 17% later had an SLB, at a median of 33 months after the birth following medical treatment. Regarding factors associated with SLB, they can be viewed as indicators of a better fertility prognosis, especially among unsuccessfully treated couples.The DAIFI study has provided information on the long-term outcome of couples treated by IVF, which has until now been little studied, often on small samples and with a shorter duration of follow-up. These results should give hope to infertile couples as nearly three couples out of four finally became parents, even if it may take many years.
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Pénélope Troude. Devenir à long terme de couples traités par fécondation in vitro dans la cohorte DAIFI. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA11T035⟩. ⟨tel-00933360⟩

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