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Communications coopératives dans les réseaux autour du corps humain

Abstract : This thesis aimed at studying the theoretical performance bounds of cooperative techniques in Body Area Networks (BAN). These networks are sensor networks, with a small number of nodes located on and inside the human body. Cooperative techniques are extremely dependent on the channel side information available at the time of transmission. Considering statistical information about the channel fading and the short-term mean of the signal, we derive an asymptotic approximation of the packet error rate under the so-called block fading channel model. Using this approximation, we can express in closed-form asymptotically optimal power allocation among transmitting nodesfor various models of relay channels. Under a complete channel knowledge hypothesis, we then study the Shannon capacity of small-scale cooperative networks, namely relay channels and cooperative multiple access channels. We show that for these networks, when you aim at optimizing the global power allocation of the whole network, the problem is equivalent to a simpler problem on an equivalent channel model. Using this equivalence, we are able to derive a number of closed-form resource allocation for relay channels and cooperative multiple access channels. In the last part of the manuscript, we present a measurement platform for BAN where the quality of every link in the network is gathered in a quasi-simultaneous manner. This platform allows us to discuss results and assess hypotheses on the stability and reciprocity of BAN links. We also evaluate the variation of the spatial correlation of the links during a walking scenario, and show that although the correlation matrix may vary a lot during the movement, it does so sufficiently slowly to be estimated on-line by an adequate protocole, paving the way to more precise resource allocation techniques and relay selection protocols.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00931788, version 3

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Paul Ferrand. Communications coopératives dans les réseaux autour du corps humain. Réseaux et télécommunications [cs.NI]. INSA de Lyon, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAL0044⟩. ⟨tel-00931788v3⟩

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