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Idéaux du Moi et transgressions délictuelles à l'adolescence

Abstract : From a clinical practice with adolescents followed in a criminal justice context, we have chosen to address the issues of tort transgressions in adolescence as an interpretive angle slightly offset from the more usual, a lack of regulation of the superego, interesting ourself to dynamic and topical thereof joints with ideal agencies that are the ideal ego and the ego ideal. It seems appropriate to distinguish these two concepts, one being the replacement of primary narcissism, made fantasies of self-sufficiency, all-powerfullness and absolute satisfaction, the other being the heir to the Oedipus complex, founded through the development of the castration complex, and fed by identifications with idealized parental objects. The ideal ego undertakes narcissistic movements of regression and appears as an antagonist of the superego, while the ego ideal supports the maturation of the ego, and in normal development, is gradually brought to entangle with the superego up form a super-ego - ideal system. The ideal ego is the substitute of primary narcissism from the recognition of the object. The ego ideal can be considered as a substitute for the ideal ego, which it takes aspirations, but by submitting to the limits of desire that is the reality-testing, guilt and symbolic castration. We support with other authors that if the ego ideal to draft the waning of the Oedipus complex, it is really structured during the process of adolescence. Its structure supports on the axis of homosexual object-relationship, that is to say on the same-sex parent and its substitutes, and at two levels : a dyadic relationship level, not ambivalent, and a triadic level, ambivalent and oedipal. The ego ideal can be seen as the culmination of the development of the negative Oedipus complex, development that truly realizes during adolescence. The clinical study of young perpetrators of transgressions tort on a sexual and / or aggressive registry, highlights the existence of psychic disturbances associated with traumas and family dysfunctions during the childhood of these subjects, enhanced by disturbances caused by adolescence process itself. The dynamic and topical relationship between agencies is reached. We can thus identify the sequence surrounding the offense alternating, more or less radical, as appropriate, between the feeling of triumph and a narcissistic collapse, signing respectively the effects of ideal ego and archaic superego. The central hypothesis is that the emergence of torts is not a sign of weakness of the superego, it contrary appears very active both in the neurotic than limit functionnings, the apparent inefficiency of superego appears rather as the result of insulation, and even splittings inside the superego - ideal system, and / or intensification of identification with the ideal ego, defensive moves that erode prohibiting effects of the superego. These defensive moves can be stored in what we call a perverse position, invested regressively or revealing a non-elaboration of the depressive position and the oedipal triangulation.
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Erwan Quentric. Idéaux du Moi et transgressions délictuelles à l'adolescence. Psychologie. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA05H119⟩. ⟨tel-00926889⟩



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