Evolution de la prise en charge et du pronostic des syndromes coronariens aigus en France entre 1995 et 2010

Abstract : In developed countries, acute coronary syndromes (ACS) represent a common and serious disease, and cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in Europe. During the last decade, however, several epidemiological studies have suggested a significant reduction in the incidence of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality in many countries, including France. Over the past 25 years, Cardiology has dramatically evolved and the management of ACS, as well as patient risk profile have substantially changed. In this context, we aimed to evaluate how the outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction could participate in the general decline in cardiovascular mortality. From four successive longitudinal surveys including ACS (USIK 1995, USIC 2000, FAST-MI 2005, FAST-MI 2010) and the national observatory of interventional cardiology (ONACI) we observed, after standardization of the cohorts on baseline clinical characteristics, a dramatic decline in mortality regardless of the type of ACS (STEMI, ST-elevation myocardial infarction, NSTEMI, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction). This evolution can be explained by several factors: overall improvement in organization of care, better implementation of recommendations, substantial change in the patient risk profile (for STEMI), increasing use of invasive strategy and adjunctive therapies, improved technique for Interventional Cardiology ... Therefore, the improved prognosis of patients with myocardial infarction appears to be one of the factors that have contributed to the decline in cardiovascular mortality. For the future, the challenge will be to maintain these results, strengthen preventive measures and improve long-term prognosis in particular by developing the therapeutic education programs.
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Etienne Puymirat. Evolution de la prise en charge et du pronostic des syndromes coronariens aigus en France entre 1995 et 2010. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA05S021⟩. ⟨tel-00926886⟩

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