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Dynamique spatio-temporelle et environnement des sites néolithiques précéramiques de Syrie intérieure

Abstract : Inland Syria is made up of an environment and microenvironment mosaic with specific lithological, edaphic and hydrological characteristics which compensate climatic aridity or, on the contrary, increase the pressure imposed on settlement and subsistence strategies, nowadays as in the past. This multiangelfish study – supra-regional, regional and microrégional – of PPNA and PPNB (9 500-6 500 BC) sites environment allowed to understand settlement choices, subsistence patters and resources exploitation. Beyond the obvious criteria that have oriented the choices of settlement places, like the access to a water resource, it was demonstrated that the Neolithic communities have early selected settlement places with environment suitable for crop processing and complementary land to conduct varied farming strategies. Their adaptability to a restrictive environment, the progressive development of agro-pastoral activities and also their increasingly water controlling, allowed them to colonize the whole inland Syria during recent and final PPNB. The beginnings of pastoral nomadism could have emerged in this context, since the husbandry is well controlled, from the research by mobile groups of the best adapted settlement and subsistence pattern to the steppe pressure. In addition, this study has allowed us to carry out a large scale test – spatial and temporal – of a microrégional analysis method, based on a Site Exploitation Territory approach, in order to elaborate in the future a complete analysis model, in collaboration with the specialists involve in those kind of study
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Submitted on : Monday, June 13, 2016 - 2:00:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00926596, version 2

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Marie-Laure Chambrade. Dynamique spatio-temporelle et environnement des sites néolithiques précéramiques de Syrie intérieure. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Franche-Comté, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012BESA1013⟩. ⟨tel-00926596v2⟩

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