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Dynamique non-linéaire dans les microcavités laser tridimensionnelles à base de polymères : aspects physiques et technologiques

Abstract : We investigate in this thesis fundamental and applied properties of solid-state laser micro-sources made of organic materials, with possible applications to information and biosensing technologies. We explored three-dimensional features pertaining both to fabrication and characterization of such lasers. Regarding the fabrication, we extended the geometry of organic microlasers, previously restricted to quasi-two-dimensional (2D) as from thin film patterning, onto full 3D structures such as cubes. Deep UV lithography and direct laser writing with two-photon-polymerization processes have been adapted in order to fabricate customized shapes, which incorporate a laser dye. To study the highly anisotropic emission from these lasers, we conceived a new set-up, called solid angle scanner (SAS), allowing for high angular accuracy detection of the emission from a micro-laser in all directions in space. When applied to 2D micro-lasers, SAS measurements allowed us to observe that they emit mainly out of their plane. We developed a model to account for this effect and infer predictions. Moreover, various shapes of 2D micro-lasers have been investigated, through the angular and spectral features of their emission, with experiments satisfactorily connected to a semi-classical theoretical approach of periodic orbits. We paid special attention to triangular shapes, for which a diffractive orbit was observed, opening the way to the study of diffraction by a dielectric corner. We also propose an explanation for the directionality of the emission by square micro-lasers. Finally, 3D characterizations of solid state 3D organic micro-lasers are presented for the first time to our knowledge.
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Clément Lafargue. Dynamique non-linéaire dans les microcavités laser tridimensionnelles à base de polymères : aspects physiques et technologiques. Autre [cond-mat.other]. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013DENS0031⟩. ⟨tel-00926176⟩

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