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Intrication des signalisations opine, quorum-sensing et GABA chez le phytopathogène Agrobacterium tumefaciens : conséquences sur la colonisation de l’hôte et la dissémination des gènes plasmidiques

Abstract : Opines are produced in plant cells transformed with the A. tumefaciens T-DNA. These opines can be used as nutrients by the phytopathogen and some of them act as signaling molecules controlling Ti plasmid dissemination through quorum-sensing. The present study aims at an enlarged understanding of the roles of opines during A. tumefaciens/plant host interactions. First, based on transcriptomic investigations, the agrocinopine-controled AccR regulon from A. tumefaciens C58 was thoroughly characterized. This one includes functions associated with (i) agrocinopines assimilation, (ii) nopaline assimilation, (iii) quorum-sensing and Ti plasmid conjugation, (iv) At plasmid conjugation. Moreover our analysis showed that co-regulation of Ti and At plasmid conjugations correlated with the co-transfer of the two replicons. In a second step using functional genetic and structural biology we quantified the selective advantage conferred to colonizing A. tumefaciens populations by the assimilation of the opines nopaline and octopine. The molecular basis which underlies this selective advantage, especially regarding the sensing and import of the two opines within the bacterial cytoplasm, were also described. Finally combining metabolomics and reverse genetic with in planta conjugation assays we demonstrated the opposite effects of GABA and opine/quorum-sensing signaling on the dissemination of Ti plasmids. In conclusion our results reveal the interlink between opine, quorum-sensing and GABA signaling during A. tumefaciens/plant host interactions. They noticeably highlight the impact of this interlink on host colonization and the dissemination of Ti and At plasmid genes which are critical for the virulence and the adaption of the bacteria to the tumor lifestyle.
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Julien Lang. Intrication des signalisations opine, quorum-sensing et GABA chez le phytopathogène Agrobacterium tumefaciens : conséquences sur la colonisation de l’hôte et la dissémination des gènes plasmidiques. Sciences agricoles. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA112300⟩. ⟨tel-00924939⟩

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