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Study of Li-rich lamellar oxides as positive electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries

Abstract : The charge and discharge mechanism of Li1.20Mn0.54Co0.13Ni0.13O2 was studied using several characterization tools in order to determine the origin of the high capacity observed for the system (1-x)LiMO2.xLi2MnO3 used as positive electrode for Li-ion batteries. The electrochemical results and in operando XAS analyses performed during the 1st cycle of Li//Li1.20Mn0.54Co0.13Ni0.13O2 cells suggested the possible participation of oxygen anion to the redox processes. It was supported by the in-depth analysis of materials prepared by chemical Li deintercalation and reinsertion. The results of XRD, HAADF-STEM and nanodiffraction analyses, combined with electrochemical experiments performed in different conditions (rate, temperature …), revealed that different types of reactions occur in the particles during the 1st cycle. Within the bulk Ni, Co and O are involved in the redox processes, whereas Mn is not: oxygen ions are oxidized in charge and reduced during the next discharge reversibly. At the surface, the same oxidation processes occur during the first charge, but with the release of oxygen gaz and a densification of the lattice. During the next discharge and subsequent cycles, the redox reaction occurring near the surface after the 1st charge involves thus Co, Ni and Mn.
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Hideyuki Koga. Study of Li-rich lamellar oxides as positive electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries. Other. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013BOR14751⟩. ⟨tel-00923812⟩

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