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Fonctionnalisation directe de liaisons C-H et couplages croisés pour la formation de liaisons C-C et C-N : synthèse de purines 6,8,9-trisubstituées

Abstract : Purine is the most widely distributed N-heterocycle scaffold in the nature and its derivatives are well known for their biological and fluorescent properties. These characteristics are linked to the diversity of substituents that can be introduced, especially on the C-2, C-6, C-8 and N-9 positions. Therefore, the development of methods for rapid functionalization of this family of compounds represent a valuable asset. We focused on the formation of C-C and C-N bonds at positions 6 and 8 of the purine ring in order to provide new synthesis tools allowing the introduction of functional diversity. On the one hand, we studied the direct functionalization of C-H bonds of purines, subject still little explored. Indeed, nowadays, traditional cross-coupling reactions (Negishi, Suzuki-Miyaura), used for the creation of C-C bonds, are increasingly challenged by these reactions since they do not require the preparation of an organometallic partner. Their advantage lies in step and atom economy. Based on previous experience in our laboratory in the field of direct functionalization of C-H bonds, we envisioned direct alkenylation and alkynylation at position 8 of the purine, knowing that alkenyl and alkynyl patterns are found in purines of biological interest. On the other hand, we were interested in two pallado-catalyzed cross-coupling methods for the formation of C-N and C-C bonds : Buchwald – Hartwig coupling between 8-iodopurine and aromatic amines or amides, and Liebeskind – Srogl coupling between 6-thioétherpurine and a range of boronic acids.
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Roxane Vabre. Fonctionnalisation directe de liaisons C-H et couplages croisés pour la formation de liaisons C-C et C-N : synthèse de purines 6,8,9-trisubstituées. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA112228⟩. ⟨tel-00923198⟩

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