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Les stratégies proactives pour l’amélioration de la compétitivité internationale des PME au Mexique

Abstract : SME play a big role in the mexican economy and they are a source of local employment for the country. But their lifespan is threatened because they havedifficulties of being maintained in activity and to develop a social and economic performance opposite the increasingly larger requirements of competitiveness pulled by globalisation. However, one of their qualities and reflection is often accompanied by a family structure. The last aspect is not presenting advantages as for the attitude of the leaders and their mode of selection and training which does not privilege qualities as a negotiator.This often generates centralized structures not supporting research of consensus with the other actors of the company as well as participative behaviors so much individual which enters the groups. SME constitute the research field; because the paramount problem of SME is the absence of forecast on the future of the company. The owner-leader of SME is completely concentrated on the short-term operational activity, with the detriment of the activities with stronger added value and the strategic reflections, mainly on the development of the human resources because it constitutes a lever of socio-economicchanges for the future of the company. Our assumption of research consists in proposing ways of improvement of their level ofinternational competitiveness by the formulation of proactive strategies which willcause to reduce the hidden costs and to contribute to the socio-economic developmentof the organization. For the collection of data of research, we apply a methodology of research-intervention in three Mexican SME, starting from a scientific observation of management and cognitive interactivity enters the speaker-researcher and all the actors of theorganization including the owner-leader.The objective of the research-intervention, in the socio-economic theory is to generate amajor transformation as of the structures and behaviors of SME.
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Patricia Dorantes. Les stratégies proactives pour l’amélioration de la compétitivité internationale des PME au Mexique. Economies et finances. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010CNAM0725⟩. ⟨tel-00923002⟩

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