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L'intermodalité-voyageurs au prisme de la mondialisation : vers la structuration d'un méta-réseau intégré

Abstract : Globalization sees world as a pertinent scale in the analysis of growing mobilities. Defined as network system, passenger intermodality seeks to improve transcalar trips and is thought as a tool for a new mobility paradigm : from a monomodal networks multiplicity to the meta-network integration, thanks to places of interchange, linking scales. Taking world as a whole, this study is primarily focused on passenger intermodality related to airport ground access. Indeed, airports, linking cities, regions and the world reveal the burning issues and stakes of a potential integrated intermodal network. Thought as a worldwide system, based upon gateway-status airports, this new meta-network doesn’t materialize. Still highly fragmented, dominant dynamics are macro-regional ones, which lead networks and services integration. The networks emergence drifts from a pioneering source : Rhinelander model, either imitated (Europe, Americas) or perfected (Eastern Asia). Three features define this model : making the use of networks easy for users from the start to the end thanks to interchanges. Secondly, actors adopt a broad systemic and territorial viewpoint. Customer’s needs and path are thought as a whole. Third, rules of (de)regulated markets demand innovation. Passenger intermodality is concerned with territorial marketing strategies within a globalization made of competition between metropolises. Regarded as a marketed product, intermodality produces interdependences between system’s actors then discovered. Optimal gestion makes intermodal system success, as proven by german model. At last, we underline complexity of passenger intermodality, linking three facets of globalization : by networks (including services), by speeches and pictures, by entrepreneurial strategies. Passenger intermodality, as a prism for globalization dynamics, is a mean to think of key concepts of geography and social sciences: place, individual, world.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 20, 2013 - 5:52:29 PM
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Pierre Ageron. L'intermodalité-voyageurs au prisme de la mondialisation : vers la structuration d'un méta-réseau intégré. Géographie. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENA010⟩. ⟨tel-00921666⟩

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