Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Réflexion sur les méthodes d'évaluation environnementale des mesures de gestion des déplacements et du trafic : analyse critique et proposition d'un nouveau cadre conceptuel

Abstract : Due to the appearance of environmental issues linked to transport, a large range of mobility/traffic measures (public transport development, Low Emission Zones, development of sharing car concept...) is implemented or planed. Short or long-term real effects of these measures on pollutant emissions are hard to assess from non rational methodologies. In this work, we start a reflection about environnemental assessment through an important literature review. The questioning is related to the traffic, pollutant emissions, the relevance of modeling tools and the understanding of occurring mechanisms. Assessment of measures is difficult due to their variety, the complexity and the interaction of occurring mechanisms, as well as the representation of their effects in the modeling tools. In order to characterize their effects and to represent the emissions impact, we have defined three stimuli which are given depending on the localization of their action and for which the effects of different measures could be represented. The stimuli are: the Passenger Cars travel demand, the road network capacity and the vehicle fleet composition. They allow to characterize a large range of measures (variations in travel demand, modal share, traffic management, parking policies). Their actions are studied through different scenari (variation of trips generation, global demand...). In this way, we analyze the pollutant emissions and traffic responses to mobility/traffic measures. These testing are approached according to traffic and emission models (Visem/Visum/CopCETE) on the Nantes Metropole area. They allow to outline an assessment approach based on individual measures. The method is demonstrated on the assessment of a Bus rapid Transit System.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [196 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00921567
Contributor : Eugénie Brutti-Mairesse <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 20, 2013 - 3:56:50 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 10:20:42 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, March 21, 2014 - 8:25:16 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00921567, version 1

Collections

Citation

Eugénie Brutti-Mairesse. Réflexion sur les méthodes d'évaluation environnementale des mesures de gestion des déplacements et du trafic : analyse critique et proposition d'un nouveau cadre conceptuel. Etudes de l'environnement. INSA de Lyon, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013-ENTP-0002⟩. ⟨tel-00921567⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

701

Files downloads

3021