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Numerical modelling of natural convection of binary mixtures: case of a helium buoyant jet in an air-filled enclosure

Tran H.-L. 1
DM2S - Département de Modélisation des Systèmes et Structures, LIMSI - Laboratoire d'Informatique pour la Mécanique et les Sciences de l'Ingénieur
Abstract : This study focuses on the understanding of the dispersing and mixing mechanisms of helium in air in a semi-confined cavity. This phenomena is an example of a low-density fluid injected in a high-density ambient fluid which results in a buoyant plume. This is an important safety issue for all hydrogen-based systems. A numerical model has been developed combining the appropriate boundary conditions with the conservation equations for the mixture mass, species mass, momentum and the state law of the mixture as well as the variation laws of the physical properties. First a laminar starting plume of a glycerol-water mixture is considered as a validation test-case by comparison with experimental data [Rogers & Morris 09]. The propagation of the axisymmetric buoyant-jet is modeled for large Grashof numbers and small injection Reynolds numbers. A good agreement has been found for the ascent velocity as well as the two types of head shape. A modified scaling law of the ascent velocity versus a modified Reynolds number is proposed to take into account for the kinetic viscosities of both fluids. For the helium-air mixture, a 2D planar air-filled cavity was first considered. The auto-similar scaling laws for steady plane plumes in unconfined environment [Gebhart et al. 88] have been reproduced for the vertical velocity and the density profiles along the vertical centerline, when considering moments before the plume impact on the top wall. Then a cylindrical container is considered to model the CEA experiment [Cariteau & Tkatschenko 12]. Numerical results are compared to experimental data and to a numerical benchmark. The effect of the axisymmetry assumption is evident.
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Contributor : Huong-Lan Tran <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 20, 2013 - 12:40:05 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 11:07:05 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, March 20, 2014 - 10:15:52 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00920867, version 1


Tran H.-L.. Numerical modelling of natural convection of binary mixtures: case of a helium buoyant jet in an air-filled enclosure. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2013. English. ⟨tel-00920867⟩



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