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Optimisation de l'infrastructure d'un système de positionnement indoor à base de transmetteurs GNSS

Abstract : In order to make the GNSS positioning service continuous and available when going from an outdoor to an indoor environment, pseudolite and repeater based systems have been developed. A new system called repealite is a combination of both pseudolites and repeaters. It is based on transmitting a single signal through a set of transmitters (thus creating the local constellation). In order to avoid interference between the repealite signals and to distinguish between them at the receiver’s end, each signal is shifted with a specific delay. The research carried out in this PhD aims at optimizing two aspects of the repealite based system. Firstly, we need to mitigate the effect of the interference caused on the satellite signals received outdoors. So we decided to design new codes characterized by low interference levels with outdoor signals. Secondly, we worked on the infrastructure part in order to simplify it and to make it easier to install: this is mainly achieved through the use of optical fibers. In the first part, we study the codes and the modulation techniques currently used in the GNSS systems. Then, we propose a few codes having an interference level equivalent to that of the GPS (obtained when computing two GPS codes). These new codes are compatible with the GPS L1 or the Glonass G1 bands. In a second step, we focus on the modulation techniques and create the so-called IMBOC (Indoor Modified Binary Offset Carrier) that aims at minimizing the interference levels with outdoor signals. With this modulation, we propose new IMBOC codes capable of much lower interference levels than the GPS reference. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed codes, we carried out a theoretical study, simulations and experimental tests. The interference gain reached about 20 dB on the GPS band and 16 dB on the Glonass one. The proposed codes are divided into two categories: those reserved to the repealite system (using a single code) and families of codes suited to pseudolite–based systems. Finally, we generated the IMBOC signals modulated by the new codes and tested the real interference induced on an outdoor receiver tracking the satellite signals. In the second part, we use optical fibers in order to replace the coaxial cables used to transmit signals from the GNSS-like signal generator to the repealites. In addition, the initial delay needed for each repealite is added by propagating the signals through rolls of fibers. Indeed, optical fiber offers advantages such as lightness, flexibility and low power loss that make it suitable to simplify the infrastructure of the system. In order to evaluate the real delays of these various fibers, we develop an estimating method based on phase shift measurements (between two sinusoidal signals) and statistical analysis of the series of measurements. This method should have uncertainties lower than one centimeter in order to insure a sub-meter precision (in absolute positioning with the repealite positioning system). In order to validate this method, we compare it to a GNSS based calibration approach. Finally, we carry out a few positioning tests with the repealite positioning system deployed in a typical indoor environment. These tests deal with absolute and relative positioning and give an idea about the system’s performance
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 17, 2013 - 12:07:49 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:55:14 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, March 17, 2014 - 11:00:32 PM

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SELMI_Ikhlas-08.11.2013.pdf
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  • HAL Id : tel-00919772, version 1

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Ikhlas Selmi. Optimisation de l'infrastructure d'un système de positionnement indoor à base de transmetteurs GNSS. Réseaux et télécommunications [cs.NI]. Institut National des Télécommunications, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013TELE0024⟩. ⟨tel-00919772⟩

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