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Etude du rôle des inhibiteurs de kinases-cycline-dépendantes (CKI) de la classe des SIM/SMR en réponse au stress abiotique chez Arabidopsis thaliana

Abstract : In Arabidopsis thaliana, the SIAMESE-RELATED proteins (SIM/SMR1 to 13) are a plantspecific family of Cyclin-dependent Kinase Inhibitors (CKIs), homologous to the Kip-Related Proteins. SIM and SMR1 are positive regulators of the switch from mitotic cycle to endoreplication. The expression of SIM/SMRs genes is induced in response to stress. One of the major abiotic stress for plants is the drought stress. The SIM/SMRs could be degraded through the specific proteolysis of Ubiquitin Proteasome System (UPS). The SIM/SMRs proteins are good candidates to link cell cycle activity with environmental stimuli.This research work has shown the involvement of the UPS proteolysis in the posttranslational control of all the tested members of the SIM/SMR family. It also shows that SIM, SMR2 and mostly SMR1 are required in endoreplication of leaf cells. During drought stress, the expression of SIM, SMR1, SMR3 and SMR5 genes is induced. The spaciotemporal pattern of those inductions revealed two groups of genes with distinct functions. In addition, the sim, smr5 and sim.smr1.smr2 loss-of-function mutants tested are hypersensitive to drought stress.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 16, 2013 - 4:34:17 PM
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Geneviève Lamy. Etude du rôle des inhibiteurs de kinases-cycline-dépendantes (CKI) de la classe des SIM/SMR en réponse au stress abiotique chez Arabidopsis thaliana. Sciences agricoles. Université de Strasbourg, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013STRAJ013⟩. ⟨tel-00919383⟩

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