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Stabilisation et positionnement actifs précis de modules mécaniques

Abstract : This thesis takes place in the framework of a general study about the stabilization of the mechanical modules of a future linear collider, CLIC (Compact Linear Collider). In order to guarantee the good operation and the particle collision, the nanometer sized beams need to be stabilized. The proposed approach was developed on two mock-ups: one dedicated to micropositioning with disturbances generation capabilities, and an active isolation system operating heavy load (up to 50kg at 300Hz) at the nanometer scale with an experimentally validated resolution of 0.15 nm. This work studies the electromechanical design and the instrumentation, the implementation of the two set-ups and their modeling,; the control scheme that takes into account the nonlinearities of the actuators. The experimental achievements include the increase of the bandwidth for piezoelectric micro-positioning thanks to an inverse hysteresis operator: the perturbation rejection is efficient until 100 Hz and the tracking control until 190 Hz. A control scheme using seismic sensors is developed to attenuate ground motion and to isolate a platform in a 12 Hz to 100 Hz frequency range. The experimental displacement is reduced from 0.6 nm to 0.25 nm at 50 Hz and from 3.7 to 0.9 at 20 Hz.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 13, 2013 - 1:02:08 PM
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Ronan Le Breton. Stabilisation et positionnement actifs précis de modules mécaniques. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENA015⟩. ⟨tel-00918333⟩

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