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Theses

Émergence de la servitude subjectale au XVIe siècle. : Textes narratifs en prose (1504-1585)

Abstract : This thesis addresses a phenomenon of language change specific to the French language as a Romance language: the generalisation of the use of subjective personals considered asestablished on the end of the 16th century. The listings extracted from a literary corpus inprose show that, even though it has a significantly evolution, the progression depends on whether the subjective personals refer to the locutor or to the allocutor in the context or if theyrefer to the co-text. To explain that the discrepancy, this study is based upon the internal heterogeneity of the paradigm in subjective personals, making the difference between the first person deictic personals je/nous, the second person ones tu/vous and the anaphoric subjectivepersonals il(s)/elle(s), and it gives an enunciative reason as the main factor of use. To us, their use corresponds to a choice by the enunciator, choice made within a defined co-text, illustrated by two corpus: fictional assertions posterior to a fictitious direct speech (chap. 3) and a set of dependent clauses (chap.4). In the first one, resorting to subjective personals regardless of their referential mood compensates for a traditional textual saturation which ison its ellapsing way. In the second one, the (fictitious or fictional) enunciator signifies his intention to be responsible for the representation of the co-enunciative situation’s occurrences instead of leaving it to his allocutor’s initiative. At the end of this thesis, the transition from a mutable morphosyntax to the progressive fixation of the SP V sentential order will be justifiedby three different criteria, enunciative, pragmatic and textual.
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Edith Taddei. Émergence de la servitude subjectale au XVIe siècle. : Textes narratifs en prose (1504-1585). Linguistique. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA030073⟩. ⟨tel-00915179⟩

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