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Le journal littéraire au XVIIIe siècle : une nouvelle culture des textes et de la lecture (1711-1777)

Abstract : The doctoral thesis is interested in the practices of reading and writing introduced in the literary newspapers of the XVIIIth century. It leans on five representative periodicals : « the Nouvelliste du Parnasse » de Desfontaines and Granet, « the Pour et Contre » de Prévost, « the Mercure de France », « the Année littéraire » of Fréron, and « the Journal des Dames ». Three characteristics distinguish them from the other newspapers of that time : the place granted to the readers, the variety of the subjects treated in this newspapers, and finally their critical vocation.In the first part we will consider the literary periodical as a new means of information and communication, which redefines the auctoriales practices of the editors and which draws the outlines of a reader society. The second part of the thesis shifts the interest of the editor to the reader. He is introduced to the critical practice of texts. This training of the reader contributes to the implementation of a space of dialogue within the literary journal. All the readers bind together and become a community, which has very specific characteristics, that will be the object of the third and last part. Periodicals recreate a virtual space of sociability which gets organized in a new mode of relation to the world and of relation to oneself, prefiguring the role of internet today.The readers appropriated a new object, the potentialities of which are yet to be invented. The literary periodical appears as a tool of broadcasting a culture and as a demonstration of a cultural evolution with social dimension. They are established in a media space which testifies of the meeting between a technical device and cultural uses.
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Suzanne Dumouchel. Le journal littéraire au XVIIIe siècle : une nouvelle culture des textes et de la lecture (1711-1777). Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA030134⟩. ⟨tel-00914819⟩

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