Role of the post-transcriptional regulators Pumilio1 and Pumilio2 in murine hematopoietic stem cells

Abstract : The central properties of stem cells are the pluripotency and the capacity of self-renewal. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) posses such common features that allows them to generate all the cells of the hematopoietic compartments, maintaining in the same time the HSC pool. We develop approaches focused on ex vivo HSC expansion through activation by exogenous HOXB4 (human HSCs) or Notch/Dll-4 ligand (murine HSCs). Two independent transcriptomic analyses surprisingly converged toward an increased expression of two genes never identified sofar as crucial for HSC functions: Pumilio1 (Pum1) and Pumilio2 (Pum2). Pum1 and Pum2 are posttranscriptional regulators belonging to the Pumilio-FBF (PUF) family of RNA-binding proteins. Although it was established that the primordial role of PUF proteins is to sustain mitotic proliferation of stem cells in Invertebrates, so far nothing is known about the role of Pum1 and Pum2 in human and murine HSCs.For these reasons, we have investigated the roles and mechanisms of action of Pum1 and Pum2 in murine and human HSCs through shRNA strategy. Pum1 and Pum2 knockdown (KD) in murine HSCs led to a decreased HSC expansion and clonogenic potential ex vivo, associated with an increased apoptosis and a cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase. KD of both Pum1 and Pum2 enhanced these effects, suggesting a cooperative effect. Expansion and clonogenic potential of KD Pum1 HSCs were rescued by enforced expression of Pum1 (insensitive to our shRNA), thus validating the specificity of our shRNA. Enforced expression of Pum1 could not rescue the functions of Pum2 KD HSCs, highlighting the non-redundant role of these proteins. Furthermore, when Pum1 or Pum2 KD HSCs were inoculated into lethally irradiated mice to follow the long-term hematopoietic potential, only rare bone marrow cells derived from Pum1 and Pum2 KD HSCs were evidenced after 4 months, contrary to control HSCs. Identical results were obtained with human Pum1 or Pum2 KD HSCs.In conclusion, our results demonstrate the involvement of Pumilio factors in stemness maintenance, expansion and survival of murine and human HSCs. Identification of Pumilio factors and their targets as new regulators of HSCs expansion will allow consider them as new tools for therapeutic perspectives.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00911665
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 29, 2013 - 3:50:19 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 11, 2019 - 4:02:19 PM
Long-term archiving on: Monday, March 3, 2014 - 8:05:44 PM

File

va_michelet_fabio.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00911665, version 1

Collections

Citation

Fabio Michelet. Role of the post-transcriptional regulators Pumilio1 and Pumilio2 in murine hematopoietic stem cells. Human health and pathology. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013PA05S013⟩. ⟨tel-00911665⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

345

Files downloads

686