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Modélisation, détection et annotation des états émotionnels à l'aide d'un espace vectoriel multidimensionnel

Abstract : This study focuses on affective computing in both fields of modeling and detecting emotions. Our contributions concern three points. First, we present a generic solution of emotional data exchange between heterogeneous multi-modal applications. This proposal is based on a new algebraic representation of emotions and is composed of three distinct layers : the psychological layer, the formal computational layer and the language layer. The first layer represents the psychological theory adopted in our approach which is the Plutchik's theory. The second layer is based on a formal multidimensional model. It matches the psychological approach of the previous layer. The final layer uses XML to generate the final emotional data to be transferred through the network. In this study we demonstrate the effectiveness of our model to represent an in infinity of emotions and to model not only the basic emotions (e.g., anger, sadness, fear) but also complex emotions like simulated and masked emotions. Moreover, our proposal provides powerful mathematical tools for the analysis and the processing of these emotions and it enables the exchange of the emotional states regardless of the modalities and sensors used in the detection step. The second contribution consists on a new monomodal method of recognizing emotional states from physiological signals. The proposed method uses signal processing techniques to analyze physiological signals. It consists of two main steps : the training step and the detection step. In the First step, our algorithm extracts the features of emotion from the data to generate an emotion training data base. Then in the second step, we apply the k-nearest-neighbor classifier to assign the predefined classes to instances in the test set. The final result is defined as an eight components vector representing the felt emotion in multidimensional space. The third contribution is focused on multimodal approach for the emotion recognition that integrates information coming from different cues and modalities. It is based on our proposed formal multidimensional model. Experimental results show how the proposed approach increases the recognition rates in comparison with the unimodal approach. Finally, we integrated our study on an automatic tool for prevention and early detection of depression using physiological sensors. It consists of two main steps : the capture of physiological features and analysis of emotional information. The first step permits to detect emotions felt throughout the day. The second step consists on analyzing these emotional information to prevent depression.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 26, 2013 - 3:52:26 PM
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Imen Tayari-Meftah. Modélisation, détection et annotation des états émotionnels à l'aide d'un espace vectoriel multidimensionnel. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013NICE4017⟩. ⟨tel-00908233v2⟩

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