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Studies of diffraction with the ATLAS detector

Abstract : The thesis is devoted to the study of diffractive physics with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. After a short introduction to diffractive physics including soft and hard diffraction, we discuss Jet-Gap-Jet production at the LHC which is particularly interesting for testing the Balitski Fadin Kuraev Lipatov QCD evolution equation. Using the signal selection requirements and a gap definition based on tracks reconstructed in the ATLAS Inner Detector, we observe a clear signal of Jet-Gap-Jet events in the data. Starting from the half-gap size of 0.8 the data cannot be properly described using only the Jet Monte Carlo sample without gaps. Furthermore, we demonstrated that DPE JGJ production, with both protons tagged in the AFP stations, should provide a significant test of the BFKL theory, once the 300 pb−1 of integrated luminosity is collected. In the last part of the thesis, we discussed the processes of Central Exclusive Jet and Exclusive π+π− production. After the data selection, the signal to background ratio is found to be of about 5/9 (1/13) for < μ >= 23 (46). For a collected integrated luminosity of 40(300) fb−1 (for pile-up of 23(46)) this measurement will deliver ten times better constraints on the theoretical models than the most recent ones. The additional measurement of exclusive pion production, relying on the use of the ALFA stations, allows to constrain further the exclusive models. We demonstrated that a data sample collected by the ALFA detectors should be sufficient to measure the cross sectionand to study various distributions, especially the invariant mass of the pion-pion system.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 22, 2013 - 1:02:10 PM
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Maciej Trzebinski. Studies of diffraction with the ATLAS detector. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI; Institut de Physique Nucleaire de l’Academie Polonaise des Sciences, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013PA112134⟩. ⟨tel-00908126⟩

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