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Theses

Analyse d'images pour une recherche d'images basée contenu dans le domaine transformé.

Abstract : This thesis comes within content-based image retrieval for images by constructing feature vectors directly fromtransform domain. In particular, two kinds of transforms are concerned: Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) andDiscrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), which are used in JPEG and JPEG2000 compression standards. Based onthe properties of transform coefficients, various feature vectors in DCT domain and DWT domain are proposedand applied in face recognition and color texture retrieval. The thesis proposes four kinds of feature vectors in DCTdomain: Zigzag-Pattern, Sum-Pattern, Texture-Pattern and Color-Pattern. The first one is an improved method based onan existing approach. The last three ones are based on the capability of DCT coefficients for compacting energy and thefact that some coefficients hold the directional information of images. The histogram of these patterns is chosen as descriptor of images. While constructing the histogram, with the objective to reduce the dimension of the descriptor, either adjacent patterns are defined and merged or a selection of the more frequent patterns is done. These approaches are evaluated on widely used face databases and texture databases. In the aspect of DWT domain, two kinds of approaches for color texture retrieval are proposed. In the first one, color-vector and multiresolution texture-vector are constructed, which categorize this approach into the context of extracting color and texture features separately. In contrast, the second approachis in the context of extracting color and texture features jointly: multiresolution feature vectors are extracted from luminance and chrominance components of color texture. Histogram of vectors is again chosen as descriptor and using k-means algorithm to divide feature vectors into partitions corresponding to the bins of histogram. For histogram generation, two methods are used. The first one is the classical method, in which the number of vectors that fall into the corresponding partition is counted. The second one is the proposition of a sparse representation based histogram in which a bin value represents the total weight of corresponding basis vector in the sparse representation.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 21, 2013 - 9:42:09 AM
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Cong Bai. Analyse d'images pour une recherche d'images basée contenu dans le domaine transformé.. Autre. INSA de Rennes, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAR0003⟩. ⟨tel-00907290⟩

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