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Dissection des fonctions mitotiques de la kinase Aurora B par CALI (Chromophore-Assisted Light Inactivation)

Abstract : Aurora B is a mitotic kinase involved in chromosome condensation and segregation as well as cytokinesis. Aurora B together with INCENP, Survivin, TD60 and Borealin constitute the chromosome passenger protein complex (CPC), which localizes to the inner centromeres all through metaphase, transfers to the spindle midzone in anaphase and to the midbody in cytokinesis. In order to dissect the mitotic kinase functions of Aurora B as well as its role as an integral part of the CPC in a temporal manner, we have used chromophore assisted light inactivation (CALI) approach. We have combined miRNA ablation of endogenous Aurora B with ectopic expression of miRNA resistant Aurora B fused to the photosensitizer Killer Red (AurB-KR) in HeLa cells. Irradiation at distinct phases of mitosis led to photobleaching of the Killer Red protein, accompanied by emission of reactive oxygen species (ROS) resulting in the photoinactivation of the fused Aurora B. Photoinactivation before anaphase led to either mitotic arrest or cleavage furrow regression due to entry into anaphase with chromosome bridges. CALI at early anaphase also led to cytokinesis failure underlying the role of Aurora B in central spindle function. Consistent with the effects of dominant negative dead-kinase Aurora B, upon CALI the localisation of Incenp, Survivin and Borealin was not affected. Importantly, photoinactivation of Aurora B-KR following cleavage furrow constriction at the midbody had no effect on the completion of abscission. These data, demonstrate unequivocally the distinct roles Aurora B exerts at each phase of mitosis and in particular suggest that Aurora B substrate phosphorylation from metaphase to anaphase is implicated in the spatio-temporal control of cell division and cytokinesis.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00903744
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 13, 2013 - 1:01:23 AM
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Axelle Davidas. Dissection des fonctions mitotiques de la kinase Aurora B par CALI (Chromophore-Assisted Light Inactivation). Sciences agricoles. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENV064⟩. ⟨tel-00903744⟩

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