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Le corps dans le roman africain francophone avant les indépendances : de 1950 a 1960

Abstract : The human body defines itself by its materialism envisaged from the point of view of its shape, of its temperament, of its physiological functioning, in its relationship in the soul or in the spirit. In these conditions, the notion of the body can serve as criterion for a new reading of the story of the African novel of period being situated between 1950 and 1960. To direct the analytical prospect, two steps led to seize the notion of the body in its representation: one, theme and other one of more semiotic spirit. The first one consisted in seeing what the story of the novel says about the body and on the body, its morphological representation from thematic angles: the initiation, the femininity, the suffering and the martyrisation; his representation in its relation with its context, the perception of this context by the organs of the body, in particular the sense. The approach of semiotic spirit was interested in what the direction of the body in this story says, on one hand of the novel through the realism and the commitment, of the story this novel of which is made the echo; on the other hand of the culture and the ideology. So, the revealing of the representations of the body in the novels of period obeyed largely the ideological preoccupations and worked semiotically with regard to them. One of the objectives of the African novels of this period was the questioning of these racist colonial stereotypes. It is true that this contesting of the cultural stereotype is not obviously explicit and the underlying stereotype is watermarked. In any case, the body goes out rehabilitated and ready to assert itself.
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Joseph Dossou Atchade. Le corps dans le roman africain francophone avant les indépendances : de 1950 a 1960. Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010PA030098⟩. ⟨tel-00881231⟩

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