Formulation d'un modèle homogénéisé de plaque en béton armé pour des applications sismiques

Abstract : Safety reassessments are periodically performed on the EDF nuclear power plants and the recent seismic reassessments leaded to the necessity of taking into account the non-linear behaviour of materials when modeling and simulating industrial structures of these power plants under seismic solicitations. A large proportion of these infrastructures is composed of reinforced concrete buildings, including reinforced concrete slabs and walls, and literature seems to be poor on plate modeling dedicated to seismic applications for this material. As for the few existing models dedicated to these specific applications, they present either a lack of dissipation energy in the material behaviour, or no micromechanical approach that justifies the parameters needed to properly describe the model. In order to provide a constitutive model which better represents the reinforced concrete plate behaviour under seismic loadings and whose parameters are easier to identify for the civil engineer, a constitutive model dedicated to reinforced concrete plates under seismic solicitations is proposed: the DHRC (Dissipative Homogenised Reinforced Concrete) model. Justified by a periodic homogenisation approach, this model includes two dissipative phenomena: damage of concrete matrix and internal sliding at the interface between steel rebar and surrounding concrete. An original coupling term between damage and sliding, resulting from the homogenisation process, induces a better representation of energy dissipation during the material degradation. The model parameters are identified from the geometric characteristics of the plate and a restricted number of material characteristics, allowing a very simple use of the model. Numerical validations of the DHRC model are presented, showing good agreement with experimental behaviour. A one dimensional simplification of the DHRC model is proposed, allowing the representation of reinforced concrete bars and simplified models of rods and wire mesh.
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Contributor : Christelle Combescure <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 5, 2013 - 4:49:42 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 22, 2019 - 1:30:25 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00880279, version 1

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Combescure Christelle. Formulation d'un modèle homogénéisé de plaque en béton armé pour des applications sismiques. Matériaux et structures en mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-00880279⟩

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