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Développement d'une plateforme analytique jetable basée sur l'isochophorèse pour la séparation et la caractérisation isotopique des lanthanides

Abstract : The accurate and reproducible characterization of radioactive solutions in isotope composition and concentration is an essential topic for analytical laboratories in the nuclear field. In order to reduce manipulation time in glove box and production of contaminated wastes, it is necessary to propose innovative and efficient solutions for these analyses. Since few years, microchips are a major field of development in analytical chemistry and those devices could provide a solution which fits the needs of nuclear industry. The aim of this work is to design a disposable analytical micro-device devoted to lanthanide separation from spent nuclear fuel before their analysis in mass spectrometry. Designed to be used in place of a separation process by liquid chromatography which is involved in a three step protocol, the new protocol based on isotachophoresis (ITP) keeps compatible with the other two steps. The complete separation of lanthanides by ITP was obtained by the use of only one chelating compound rigorously selected: the 2-hydroxy 2-methyl butyric acid (HMBA). The main parameters involved in solute resolution were defined from the theoretical models of ITP and experimental studies of the influence of these parameters allowed to optimize the geometry of the system and to improve its performances. To suppress cleaning of the system and, consequently, to strongly reduce both liquid waste volume and handling radioactive material, the ITP protocol was transferred in a polymeric (COC) disposable microchip especially developed for this purpose
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00880233
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 5, 2013 - 4:03:11 PM
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Laurent Vio. Développement d'une plateforme analytique jetable basée sur l'isochophorèse pour la séparation et la caractérisation isotopique des lanthanides. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10300⟩. ⟨tel-00880233⟩

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