Folklore et ethnographie de l'Egypte contemporaine : Le "Dictionnaire des coutumes, des traditions et des expressions égyptiennes" (Qâmûs al-'adât wa-l-taqâlîd wa-l-ta'âbîr al-misriyya) de Ahmad Amîn

Abstract : The "Dictionary of Egyptian Customs, Traditions and Phrases", published in 1953 by the scholar Ahmad Amîn (1886-1954), is considered as one of the first texts recording and describing the Egyptian folklore, therefore defined as a subject worth being studied and recorded. This work, written in arabic, contributes to formalizing this folklore, its beliefs, practices and know-hows coming from oral, uncodified traditions. Often used as an ethnographical source for Egypt contemporary history, it has never been presented in its whole form. From an indexation of the articles by themes, the analysis of this dictionary shows us how traditions and folklore become a subject of study, how the notion of tradition can be constructed and what it consists of. According to Ahmad Amîn, traditions first express the Egyptian identity. The interest focused on these traditions is then justified by the national dimension of the habits and customs he describes, as well as their historical interest. By recording traditions about to vanish, this dictionary keeps up the memory of ancient ways of lives, part of collective memory and identity, and integrates them into Egyptian history. Traditions are also considered with a critical point of view, in terms of cultural normalisation, which as well participates in the definition - or the invention- of the Egyptian folklore.
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Emmanuelle Perrin. Folklore et ethnographie de l'Egypte contemporaine : Le "Dictionnaire des coutumes, des traditions et des expressions égyptiennes" (Qâmûs al-'adât wa-l-taqâlîd wa-l-ta'âbîr al-misriyya) de Ahmad Amîn. Histoire. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2004. Français. ⟨NNT : 2004INAL0015⟩. ⟨tel-00878441⟩

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