Supereulerian graphs, Hamiltonicity of graphes and several extremal problems in graphs

Abstract : In this thesis, we focus on the following topics: supereulerian graphs, hamiltonian line graphs, fault-tolerant Hamiltonian laceability of Cayley graphs generated by transposition trees, and several extremal problems on the (minimum and/or maximum) size of graphs under a given graph property. The thesis includes six chapters. The first one is to introduce definitions and summary the main results of the thesis, and in the last chapter we introduce the furture research of the thesis. The main studies in Chapters 2 - 5 are as follows. In Chapter 2, we explore conditions for a graph to be supereulerian.In Section 1 of Chapter 2, we characterize the graphs with minimum degree at least 2 and matching number at most 3. By using the characterization, we strengthen the result in [93] and we also address a conjecture in the paper.In Section 2 of Chapter 2, we prove that if $d(x)+d(y)\geq n-1-p(n)$ for any edge $xy\in E(G)$, then $G$ is collapsible except for several special graphs, where $p(n)=0$ for $n$ even and $p(n)=1$ for $n$ odd. As a corollary, a characterization for graphs satisfying $d(x)+d(y)\geq n-1-p(n)$ for any edge $xy\in E(G)$ to be supereulerian is obtained. This result extends the result in [21].In Section 3 of Chapter 2, we focus on a conjecture posed by Chen and Lai [Conjecture~8.6 of [33]] that every 3-edge connected and essentially 6-edge connected graph is collapsible. We find a kind of sufficient conditions for a 3-edge connected graph to be collapsible.In Chapter 3, we mainly consider the hamiltonicity of 3-connected line graphs.In the first section of Chapter 3, we give several conditions for a line graph to be hamiltonian, especially we show that every 3-connected, essentially 11-connected line graph is hamilton- connected which strengthens the result in [91].In the second section of Chapter 3, we show that every 3-connected, essentially 10-connected line graph is hamiltonian-connected.In the third section of Chapter 3, we show that 3-connected, essentially 4-connected line graph of a graph with at most 9 vertices of degree 3 is hamiltonian. Moreover, if $G$ has 10 vertices of degree 3 and its line graph is not hamiltonian, then $G$ can be contractible to the Petersen graph.In Chapter 4, we consider edge fault-tolerant hamiltonicity of Cayley graphs generated by transposition trees. We first show that for any $F\subseteq E(Cay(B:S_{n}))$, if $|F|\leq n-3$ and $n\geq4$, then there exists a hamiltonian path in $Cay(B:S_{n})-F$ between every pair of vertices which are in different partite sets. Furthermore, we strengthen the above result in the second section by showing that $Cay(S_n,B)-F$ is bipancyclic if $Cay(S_n,B)$ is not a star graph, $n\geq4$ and $|F|\leq n-3$.In Chapter 5, we consider several extremal problems on the size of graphs.In Section 1 of Chapter 5, we bounds the size of the subgraph induced by $m$ vertices of hypercubes. We show that a subgraph induced by $m$ (denote $m$ by $\sum\limits_{i=0}^ {s}2^{t_i}$, $t_0=[\log_2m]$ and $t_i= [\log_2({m-\sum\limits_{r=0}^{i-1}2 ^{t_r}})]$ for $i\geq1$) vertices of an $n$-cube (hypercube) has at most $\sum\limits_{i=0}^{s}t_i2^{t_i-1} +\sum\limits_{i=0}^{s} i\cdot2^{t_i}$ edges. As its applications, we determine the $m$-extra edge-connectivity of hypercubes for $m\leq2^{[\frac{n}2]}$ and $g$-extra edge-connectivity of the folded hypercube for $g\leq n$.In Section 2 of Chapter 5, we partially study the minimum size of graphs with a given minimum degree and a given edge degree. As an application, we characterize some kinds of minimumrestricted edge connected graphs.In Section 3 of Chapter 5, we consider the minimum size of graphs satisfying Ore-condition.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 29, 2013 - 11:17:08 AM
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Weihua Yang. Supereulerian graphs, Hamiltonicity of graphes and several extremal problems in graphs. Other [cs.OH]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013PA112183⟩. ⟨tel-00877793⟩

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