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Relations entre mobilité du sodium, libération du sel et des composés d'arôme en bouche et perception de la flaveur : application à des modèles fromagers

Abstract : The aim of this work is to understand the effects of changes in the composition of model cheeses on mobility, release and perception of flavor molecules (salt, aroma compounds). Six flavoured model cheeses were formulated (3 lipid/protein (L/P) ratios and 2 salt contents). The microstructure and the rheological properties of the model cheeses were characterized respectively by confocal microscopy and by uniaxial compression test. The mobility of sodium ions was analyzed by 23Na NMR. The kinetics of sodium release was followed in water and then in saliva during consumption of the model cheeses. The retronasal release of aroma compounds was followed by nose-space APCI-MS, simultaneously with the study of swallowing and chewing by electromyography. Then, the sensory properties of the model cheeses (saltiness, aroma, texture) were studied.A decrease in the L/P ratio and a decrease in salt content reduce the fat droplet size and increase the hardness. This leads to a decrease in sodium ion mobility, which results in a decrease in sodium release in saliva and a decrease in salty perception. Moreover, the maximum intensity of aroma release is reached later and the aroma perception is decreased. These effects can be explained by the observed lipid/protein distribution in microscopy, by the later swallowing and by the higher chewing activity
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 29, 2013 - 10:17:21 AM
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Lauriane Boisard. Relations entre mobilité du sodium, libération du sel et des composés d'arôme en bouche et perception de la flaveur : application à des modèles fromagers. Sciences agricoles. Université de Bourgogne, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012DIJOS083⟩. ⟨tel-00877715⟩

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