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Filtrage programmable et mémoire quantique dans Er 3+ YSO

Abstract : Rare earth ions doped crystals, when cooled at very low temperature, exhibit outstanding properties for optically-carried analogical signal processing. The absorption spectral broadening can reach several hundred of Gigahertz, while the homogeneous width of each individual ion does no exceed a few kilohertz. With the help of optical pumping, one may modify the absorption profile at will. The resulting programmable filter simultaneously offers a very large bandwidth, given by the inhomogeneous width, and a very good resolution, fixed by the homogeneous width. Narrow absorption line is related to long lifetime quantum superposition. We contemplate the programmable filter properties, keeping in mind this coherent transient picture, specifically related to photon echoes. In the first part of the dissertation, the programmable filter is programmed as a dispersive element. This gives access to dispersion rate values out of reach of conventional optical devices, such as optical fibers. We use the filter as a temporal lens component, with an eye to generating arbitrary waveforms. Thereby, we gain several orders of magnitude against conventional optical devices in terms of time x bandwidth product. After taking advantage of photon echoes in the linear filtering context, we capitalize on their strongly non-linear properties in the second part of the dissertation. This time we want to capture a very weak optical signal, to convert it into an atomic superposition state, and to restore it in its initial state of light. Faithful retrieval of the incoming signal relies on the elimination of spontaneous and stimulated emission. To this end, we propose a new protocol we have named « Revival Of Silenced Echo » (ROSE).
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Vianney Damon. Filtrage programmable et mémoire quantique dans Er 3+ YSO. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112023⟩. ⟨tel-00877060⟩

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