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Theses

Contextualisation d'un détecteur de piétons : application à la surveillance d'espaces publics

Abstract : With the rise of videosurveillance systems comes a logical need for automatic and real-time processes to analyze the huge amount of generated data. Among these tools, pedestrian detection algorithms are essential, because in videosurveillance locating people is often the first step leading to more complex behavioral analyses. Classical pedestrian detection approaches are based on machine learning and pattern recognition algorithms. Thus they generally underperform when the pedestrians’ appearance observed by a camera tends to differ too much from the one in the generic training dataset. This thesis studies the concept of the contextualization of such a detector. This consists in introducing scene information into a generic pedestrian detector. The main objective is to adapt it to the most frequent situations and so to improve its overall performances. The key hypothesis made here is that the camera is static, which is common in videosurveillance scenarios.This work is split into two parts. First a state of the art introduces the architecture of a pedestrian detector and the different algorithms involved in its building. Then the problem of the contextualization is tackled and a series of experiments validates or not the explored leads. The goal is to identify every part of the detector which can benefit from the approach in order to fully contextualize it. To make the contextualization process easier, our method is completely automatic and is based on semi-supervised learning methods. First of all, data coming from the scene are gathered. We propose different oracles to detect some pedestrians in order to catch their appearance and to form a contextualized training dataset. Then, we analyze the scene geometry, which influences the size and the orientation of the pedestrians and we divide the scene into different regions. In each region, pedestrians as well as background elements share a similar appearance.In the second step, all this information is used to build the final detector which is composed of several classifiers, one by region. Each classifier independently scans its dedicated piece of image. Thus, it is only trained with a region-specific contextualized dataset, containing less appearance variability than a global one. Consequently, the training stage is easier and the overall detection results on the scene are improved.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 25, 2013 - 4:27:49 PM
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Thierry Chesnais. Contextualisation d'un détecteur de piétons : application à la surveillance d'espaces publics. Autre. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013CLF22362⟩. ⟨tel-00877032⟩

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