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Etude multi-échelle de la granulométrie des particules fines générées par érosion hydrique : apports pour la modélisation

Abstract : The suspended particles of catchment networks are dependent on both river and hillslope erosion processes. During this thesis, the particle size dynamics was studied along this continuum in order to improve the understanding of particle delivery from hillslopes to the outlets of headwater catchments. Field measurements were conducted at the headwater catchment scale (~20 km²). The discharge displayed a positive correlation with the particle size. An original measurement protocol has been set up and it demonstrated that particles were mostly aggregated. The inputs from hillslopes were possibly involved in some of the variations of the measured particle size. Laboratory experiments carried out using an annular flume demonstrated that a part of these variations could be explained by disaggregation or flocculation within the flow. Important variations due to the soil type were observed. However, they were less pronounced in the falling limbs of the schematic flood events, suggesting that flow conditions progressively became more important than the soil signature. The latter encouraged the analysis of hillslope processes, among which a special attention was given to the rainfall effects. Rainfall simulation experiments (~1 m²) demonstrated for two soils that an increase in the rainfall kinetic energy resulted in smallest aggregates detached from the soil matrix. The importance of this mecanism at the hillslope scale (~ 100 m²) with regard to runoff selectivity was demonstrated developing a size-dependent detachment parametrisation included in two physically based numerical models. Finally, the effects of the rainfall kinetic energy on the particle size were observed during field measurements made at the plot scale as well, underlining the need to adequatly describe the rainfall forcing field at this scale.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00875975
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Thomas Grangeon. Etude multi-échelle de la granulométrie des particules fines générées par érosion hydrique : apports pour la modélisation. Sciences de la Terre. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENU040⟩. ⟨tel-00875975⟩

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