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Theses

Qubits de spin : de la manipulation et déplacement d'un spin électronique unique à son utilisation comme détecteur ultra sensible

Abstract : In this thesis we described a series of experimental works, which have been realized in the context of spin qubits, going from their use as information carriers to their use as very sensitive detectors. We use AlGaAs semiconducting heterostructures in which a single electron can be isolated in an electrostatic trap, the so-called quantum dot. The electron spin can be used in order to encode information, and the quantum dot containing this electron can therefore be seen as a qubit (quantum bit). During this thesis we demonstrate the first experimental realization of a single electron transport along a closed path inside a system composed of four coupled quantum dots. By considering spin-orbit interaction, this experiment opens the way toward coherent topological spin manipulations. In the context of quantum computing and spin qubits, we study the two-qubit gates. By considering two tunnel coupled quantum dots, we demonstrate by controlling the local Zeeman splitting that the natural two-qubit gate for spin qubits evolves from the SWAP gate to the C-phase gate. This work demonstrates the feasibility of the C-phase gate. Finally we use spin qubits as very sensitive detectors. A singlet-triplet qubit is a quantum system which can be tuned in order to be very sensistive to the electrostatic environment. Here we report the use of such a qubit to detect a single electron transported next to the detector.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00875970
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Romain Thalineau. Qubits de spin : de la manipulation et déplacement d'un spin électronique unique à son utilisation comme détecteur ultra sensible. Physique [physics]. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENY106⟩. ⟨tel-00875970⟩

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