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Synthèse de polymères aromatiques pour la conception de membranes conductrices ioniques

Abstract : The work reported in this thesis is the development of proton and anion conducting materials for applications such as membrane or binders electrodes. The first approach is the formation of polymers for the anionic membranes design. To perform it, two types of tertiary amine functions have been grafted along the polysulfones chain, then converted to ammonium rendering data anionic conductive. The grafted functions types are dimethylamino and N, N dimethylaminomethyl. Different series of polysulfones were prepared by varying the rate of amine functions grafted. For polysulfones with dimethyalmino functions, the results show that the thermal stability of ammonium functions is too low to be used in anion conductive membranes design. In the second type of amine, membranes having a maximum conductivity of 40 mS.cm-1 to a moisture content of 95% and a temperature of 100 °C have been obtained. In addition, for the electrodes binders design, the synthesis of fluorinated ethers polyarylenes anionic conductors has been completed. Then, a series of polymers was carried out by varying the rate of amine introduced. The molar masses were controlled to allow polymers to be sufficiently soluble for the dissolution. Conductivity values are around 35 mS.cm-1. Finally, the design of membrane proton polymers synthesized with previously dimethylamino functions has been chosen. These polymers were subsequently doped with phosphoric acid and the conductivity of the resulting membranes has been tested in anhydrous condition. The results obtained for this kind of material is 160 mS.cm-1 for a doping level of 50%. However, for high doping level, conductivity obtained was higher (260 mS.cm-1) but the membranes lost their mechanical properties, while for low doping levels (about 18%), the conductivities obtained were low.
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Ludovic Leray. Synthèse de polymères aromatiques pour la conception de membranes conductrices ioniques. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENI086⟩. ⟨tel-00875184⟩

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