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Conception et synthèse d’hétérocycles azotés et de dérivés stéroïdiens, modulateurs potentiels de transporteurs ABC (glycoprotéine-P)

Abstract : Multi-drug resistance (MDR) is characterized by a simultaneous resistance to a wide range of structurally unrelated chemotherapeutic agents, partly caused by the efflux of active compounds out of the cell. ABC transporters (ATP-Binding Cassette) are transmembrane proteins implicated in this efflux, and thus, they contribute to the failure of some cancer treatments. Furthermore, this mechanism was evoked in some microorganism resistances to antimicrobial agents. In this study, we designed and synthesized potential inhibitors of ABC transporters, especially P-glycoprotein (Pgp) implicated in human tumors multi-drug resistance, and CpABC3, a transporter found in a human parasite, Cryptosporidium parvum. First, we synthesized three 4-alkyl-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridin-7-one derivatives, targeting ATP-binding site of ABC transporters. Their biological activities were evaluated toward a recombinant fragment of the CpABC3 transporter (H6-NBD1 fragment). One of these compounds showed a weak-binding to this fragment. Next, we prepared seventeen progesterone-adenine hybrids as potential bivalent ligands which may bind simultaneously to the ATP-binding site and the steroid-binding region. We chose to synthesize derivatives with rather short-length linkers with different conformational flexibilities. These bivalent compounds were tested on K562/R7 human leukemic cells overexpressing Pgp. One of them has showed a better activity than progesterone. Finally, we optimized the synthesis of oligocyclohexylidene chains, which are good candidates to constitute rigid linkers
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Waël Zeinyeh. Conception et synthèse d’hétérocycles azotés et de dérivés stéroïdiens, modulateurs potentiels de transporteurs ABC (glycoprotéine-P). Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10325⟩. ⟨tel-00874305⟩

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