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Dynamique de population d'une légumineuse du sous-bois de la forêt landaise (Ulex europaeus) dans le cadre de la sylviculture du pin maritime : proposition d'un modèle conceptuel

Abstract : Symbiotic nitrogen fixation by European gorse (Ulex europaeus) is a major source of nitrogen in the 'Landes de Gascogne' cultivated forest of maritime pine. This thesis aims to build a conceptual model of the population dynamic of gorse in the region, with a view to predict the associated flux of nitrogen. To achieve this, several steps of the life cycle of the species were studied: production and predation of seeds, and the recruitment of new plants from the seedbank.The results suggest that the maintenance of this light demanding species in the shade of the canopy of pines is improved by the decrease of reproductive allocation, which enable to maintain its growth, and by the decrease of the predation of seeds. The recruitment of new gorse plants seems controlled by identifiable ecological factors (e.g. soil moisture), however these factors are highly variable in space and time, and no specific micro-habitat appears to be more favourable for the species regeneration.These results are integrated into a conceptual model based on the different steps of the life cycle of the species, and taking into consideration the influence of forestry practices on these steps. Furthermore, the production of knowledge could benefit other subjects related to the species (e.g gorse is a noxious weed in many region in the world) and the understanding of the ecology of woody plants' regeneration. Allocation of resources to reproduction may be plastic and enable an adaptative response to a changing environment; and spatiotemporal variability of the regeneration of woody plants may rely on the existence of ecological regeneration niches defined in the ecological space.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 15, 2013 - 3:32:43 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 29, 2021 - 11:44:02 AM

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Florian Delerue. Dynamique de population d'une légumineuse du sous-bois de la forêt landaise (Ulex europaeus) dans le cadre de la sylviculture du pin maritime : proposition d'un modèle conceptuel. Sciences agricoles. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013BOR14805⟩. ⟨tel-00873385⟩

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