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Contribution à l'analyse et à la modélisation des couplages électromagnétiques au sein de torons de câbles à grand nombre de liaisons : application aux câblages aéronautiques

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the analysis and the modeling of electromagnetic interactions on aeronautical bundles made of multicore cables representative of the industrial reality. Indeed, technological changes (introduction of composite materials, increased electrical functions, ...) force to reconsider the requirement levels of electromagnetic coupling on cable bundles. Thus, the design tools of these electromagnetic couplings are essential to help to technological choices of architectureswiring. In this context, numerical software based on transmission line theory can calculate the electromagnetic coupling in complex bundles. These numerical models need the geometric description of bundles cross sections. A software tool for generating bundles cross sections was initially validated by comparison to a bibliographic reference, followed by anexperimental study of a real bundle arised from an A380. This analysis of conductors positioning along the bundle showed that the cable routing depends on the cable stiffness. Thus, the unshielded twisted cable appears to be the cable which routing is less controlled. In addition, this type of cable most commonly used to tr nsmit data in differential mode can generate specific couplings which are important to analyze for correctly modeling this cable. Therefore, the first case studied is composed of a twisted pair cable aggressor and a single victim wire. Numerical simulations have shownthat the induced currents along the victim wire had a behavior specific to the twist of the twisted pair cable aggressor. This pattern has been explained by an analytical approach and confirmed by experiments. Taking into account twists in numerical simulation leads to prohibitive computational time. Therefore, a simplified model based on averagingparameters per unit length of twisted cable was developed and validated. The effect of untwisted ends resulting from connection was also assessed numerically and experimentally. Case studies were complicated to coupling between twisted pair cabl es and finally to a real bundle with more than 60 wires. An experimental bench was developed. Numerical modeling of the complex bundle has been carried out and numerical results of electromagnetic couplings compared to experimental data. In order to significantly reduce the computation time, the simplified model was applied to this bundle. Itsefficiency has been demonstrated. A statistical analysis of the dispersion of electromagnetic couplings within this complex bundle was finally addressed.
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Charles Jullien. Contribution à l'analyse et à la modélisation des couplages électromagnétiques au sein de torons de câbles à grand nombre de liaisons : application aux câblages aéronautiques. Autre. INSA de Rennes, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAR0002⟩. ⟨tel-00873246⟩

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