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Emboitement de compétences relatives aux transports publics et frontières institutionnelles dans une agglomération multipolaire : le cas des Alpes-Maritimes.

Abstract : Can the coordination of institutions, through the creation of a unique transport perimeter in the multipolar urban area of French Riviera, have a significant role in the modal shift ? The inadequacy of the current mobility networks creates acute problems of management of public transport. This maladjustment is based on the inadequacy of the institutional structures that are not at the right level. Multiple poles must be linked to interdependent urban networks and this necessity comes the invention of new forms of government.The work involves a first chapter with the theoretical framework of the relationship between multipolar agglomeration, institutions and organisation of transport in a dense spatial context. Indeed, the AOTU were initially separate, this choice was justified by the State of urbanization in their creation, but they manage now bearings territories. However, one cannot impose a perimeter consistent with a pool of life, hence of gross maladjustments.A second chapter studied the actions of the organizing authorities of public transport in the multipolar space azurean : the complexity of the institutional organization is prey to a border between AO effect ? The Department is indented to the growth of the AOTU and including Metropole Nice Côte d'Azur. A new federal structure, the SYMITAM, is created but does not fulfil its role of coordinator; to assist the Department, she becomes the puppet of the conquering AOTU.Finally, through analysis of mobility and in particular by measurement of stable and outgoing assets of each municipality, and the axes of TCSP, TER and the pole of exchanges that it would be necessary to implement to better organize the interrelationships between the coastline and the internal subset, a third chapter proposes a resorption of the effect of border by the development of new institutional perimeters. We show the AO the most capable of organizing the management of this new territorial format in order to counteract the institutional fragmentation.
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Julian Courteix. Emboitement de compétences relatives aux transports publics et frontières institutionnelles dans une agglomération multipolaire : le cas des Alpes-Maritimes.. Géographie. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013CERG0623⟩. ⟨tel-00872815⟩

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