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Couches initiales et limites de relaxation aux systèmes d'Euler-Poisson et d'Euler-Maxwell

Abstract : My work is concerned with two different systems of equations used in the mathematical modeling of semiconductors and plasmas : the Euler-Poisson system and the Euler-Maxwell system. The first is given by the Euler equations for the conservation of the mass and momentum, with a Poisson equation for the electrostatic potential. The second system describes the phenomenon of electromagnetism. It is given by the Euler equations for the conservation of the mass and momentum, with a Maxwell equations for the electric field and magnetic field which are coupled to the electron density through the Maxwell equations and act on electrons via the Lorentz force. Using an asymptotic expansion method, we study the zero relaxation limit of unipolar Euler-Poisson system and of two-fluid multidimensional Euler-Poisson equations, we prove the existence and uniqueness of profiles to the asymptotic expansion and some error estimate. By employing the classical energy estimate for symmetrizable hyperbolic equations, we justify rigorously the convergence of Euler-Poisson system with well-prepared initial data. For ill-prepared initial data, the phenomenon of initial layers occurs. In this case, we also add the correction terms in the asymptotic expansion. Using an iterative method of symmetrizable hyperbolic systems and asymptotic expansion method, we study the zero-relaxation limit of unipolar and bipolar Euler-Maxwell system. For well-prepared initial data, we construct an approximate solution by an asymptotic expansion up to any order. For ill-prepared initial data, we also construct initial layer corrections in the asymptotic expansion.
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Mohamed Lasmer Hajjej. Couches initiales et limites de relaxation aux systèmes d'Euler-Poisson et d'Euler-Maxwell. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012CLF22233⟩. ⟨tel-00870413⟩

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