Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Coadaptation cerveau machine pour une interaction optimale : application au P300-Speller

Perrin Margaux 1
1 Dycog
CRNL - Centre de recherche en neurosciences de Lyon
Abstract : Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) aim at enabling the brain to directly control an artificial device. In particular, the P300-Speller could offer patients who cannot speak and neither move, to communicate again. This work consisted in improving this communication by implementing and studying a coadaptation between the brain and the machine. First, on the user side, we showed that adaptation is reflected in real-time by modulations of the electrophysiological responses to the feedbacks from the machine. Then, on the computer side, we proposed, tested and evaluated the effect on the user, of several approaches that endow the machine with adaptive behavior, namely: - - Automatic correction of errors, based on real-time recognition of feedback responses; - - Dynamic stimulation to increase spelling accuracy as well as to reduce the discomfort associated with the traditional row/column stimulation paradigm; - - Adaptive decision making for optimal stopping, depending on the attentional state of the user. Our results show the presence of feedback responses which are error specific and modulated by attention as well as user's surprise with respect to the outcome of the interaction. Besides, while the interest of automatic correction is highly subject-dependant, the new stimulation mode and the adaptive decision method proved clearly beneficial and their use had a significant positive impact on subject's motivation. In the perspective of clinical studies to assess the usefulness of ICM for communication, this work highlights and quantifies the importance of developing adaptive interfaces that are tailored to each every individual.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00870395
Contributor : Margaux Perrin <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 7, 2013 - 11:17:16 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:51:49 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 7, 2017 - 7:32:27 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00870395, version 1

Collections

Citation

Perrin Margaux. Coadaptation cerveau machine pour une interaction optimale : application au P300-Speller. Neurosciences. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00870395⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1494

Files downloads

5228