Elaboration et déformation de systèmes biomimétiques innovants

Abstract : The deformation of plant cells during their growth can generate various anisotropic shapes. The envelop of the growing cells, also called primary wall of plants, is a thin, flexible and extensible layer made of a network of cellulose microfibrils linked by hemicellulose tethers, that can have directional extension. The goal of this work is to elaborate biomimetic microcapsules with structures similar to the plant primary walls and explore their deformation under mechanical stress. For that purpose, we took advantage of the strong interaction of cellulose nanocrystals (the microfibrils sub-elements) with xyloglucan (the most common hemicellulose) already used to build planar multilayer systems [1]. In order to reproduce the cell geometry, we successfully build multilayered microcapsules from cellulose nanocrystals and xyloglucans, by combining oil in water emulsions with dimensions around 20 µm with layer-by-layer deposit, leading to biomimetic microcapsules. The regularity of the layer deposition has been followed by selective fluorescent tagging and the wall thickness and organization was characterized by electron microscopy. Upon drying and evaporation of the oily core, the deflated microcapsules exhibited various shapes as revealed by 3D reconstruction from confocal microscopy slices. We have investigate the relationships between the obtained shapes in relation to the characteristic dimensions and the mechanical properties of the wall [2]. The control of the capsule size and thickness allows exploring various situations in terms of deformation behavior. [1] B. Jean*, L. Heux, F. Dubreuil, G. Chambat & F. Cousin, Non-electrostatic building of biomimetic cellulose-xyloglucan multilayers, Langmuir, 25(7), 3920-3923 (2009) [2] C. Quilliet, C. Zoldesi, C. Riera, A. van Blaaderen, and A. Imhof Anisotropic colloids through non-trivial buckling Eur. Phys. J. E, 27, 13{20} (2008)
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Antoine Bailly. Elaboration et déformation de systèmes biomimétiques innovants. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENY098⟩. ⟨tel-00870354⟩

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