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Architectures moléculaire et supramoléculaires à base de Lanthanides Luminescents

Abstract : The construction of preprogrammed, sophisticated and nanoscopic polymetallic lanthanide complexes for the development of luminescent materials that possess new or improved photophysical properties (dual emission, intermetallic energy transfer, etc.) is one of the hot topics in the lanthanide supramolecular chemistry. Understanding, controlling and programming self assembly of lanthanide complexes is a key challenge due to the difficulty in controlling the coordination environment of these ions which display high and variable coordination numbers with little stereochemical preferences. As a result of this, most of the polynuclear lanthanide complexes reported in literature are formed by serendipity rather than rational design. In order to include lanthanide ions in discrete high nuclearity polymetallic architectures with improved photophysical properties we have concentrated on complexation studies with dissymmetric chelating ligands (tridentate anionic ligands, tetradentate chiral ligand) with possibility of promoting assembly formation, and we started to investigate the potential of an original synthetic method using the redox reactivity of divalent lanthanides complexes for the synthesis of oxo clusters. Here we present the synthesis and photophysical properties of NIR emissive stable complexes obtained with hydroxyquinoline based tridentate dianionic ligands functionalised with carboxylic acid and tetrazole groups. Moreover we show that the use of a chiral tetradentate ligand possessing oxazoline ring promotes the diastereoselective self assembly of enantiopure homo- and hetero-polymetallic lanthanide complexes emitting in the visible and NIR range. An original enantiopure trinuclear europium complex was crystallographically characterised and we found that it displays a high circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) activity. The chiral oxazoline based ligand also led to the synthesis of the largest enantiopure polymetallic assembly of europium, a heptanuclear wheel. Finally we were able to prepare and characterize highly reactive complexes of divalent lanthanides with a neutral tripodal pyridine based ligand and very preliminary results show that these complexes can be useful precursors for the isolation of polymetallic oxoclusters. Notably, the reaction of the highly reactive neodymium complex led to the isolation of a very interesting large neodymium oxo cluster by cleavage of THF in the presence of the ligand tpa.
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Gulay Bozoklu. Architectures moléculaire et supramoléculaires à base de Lanthanides Luminescents. Biologie moléculaire. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENV043⟩. ⟨tel-00870334⟩

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