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Elaboration de photocatalyseurs à base de nanotubes de TiO2 modifiés par WO3 et ZnO : applications à l'élimination de méthyléthylcétone et de l'H2S sous illumination UV-A et solaire

Yas Yamin 1
1 LMSPC - Laboratoire des Matériaux, Surfaces et Procédés pour la Catalyse
ICPEES - Institut de chimie et procédés pour l'énergie, l'environnement et la santé
Abstract : Indoor air quality has become an important social concern due to the increased amount of time spent in indoor environment. It is now well admitted that the pollution level in indoor environment could exceed the pollution level outdoor. Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOP), such as photocatalytic oxidation, are promising technologies for air purification. The synthesis and applications of high aspect ratio onedimensional titania-based nanostructures have attracted increasing attention. In photocatalysis, titania nanotubes have already shown enhanced photocatalytic efficiency over nanoparticles, enabled by highersurface area, tubular structure with higher charge carriers generation and transfer efficiency. However, together with visible light activation, higher efficiency is a challenging task. The fundamental challenges are to develop controlled and self-assembled 1D-TiO2-based nanostructures for improving the light absorption, generation and transfer of electrons and specific surface area. In this thesis, two model gas molecules were used, methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and dihydrogen sulfide (H2S). These molecules differ in their chemical composition (presence or absence of heteroatoms) and their physico-chemical properties and reflect different types of chemical and odor pollutions. In order to improve the photocatalyticperformance of TiO2 nanotubes synthesized by the hydrothermal method, either under UV-A or solar illumination, modifications with another semiconductor, WO3 or ZnO, were made. The same modifications were also made on the commercial photocatalyst TiO2 P25 (Evonik). One of the aims of this study is the correlation of synthesis conditions of these materials with their physico-chemical properties and their photocatalytic properties regarding the elimination of the two pollutants studied. A mechanistic approach was also conducted.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 4, 2013 - 3:30:36 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 3:25:11 AM

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Yas Yamin. Elaboration de photocatalyseurs à base de nanotubes de TiO2 modifiés par WO3 et ZnO : applications à l'élimination de méthyléthylcétone et de l'H2S sous illumination UV-A et solaire. Autre. Université de Strasbourg, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013STRAF016⟩. ⟨tel-00869959⟩

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