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Theses

Contribution à l'étude de la formation des sprays

Abstract : The work of this thesis aims to provide and validate tools useful to study and understand the phenomena involved in the injection of fuel, mainly focused on intra-flow injector. These tools are numeric and simulate the formation of a spray. A first part focuses on zero-dimensional modelling. Models which predict these following characteristics of spray like the spray angle, the spray penetration or the liquid length are compared with experimental data. The conclusions are that zero-dimensional modelling provides good results very quickly in some cases. Although, a better understanding of the influence of cavitation on the spray, which requires an understanding of the intra-flow injector, could be beneficial for the prediction of these models. A second study is carried out to select a model of multi-dimensional cavitation. The chosen model is a barotropic equation model. A validation of this model is then performed to ensure that it is able to predict the cavitating flow inside a nozzle. The model provides good results and can be used for the next step. Finally, in the third part, the cavitation model previously validated is used. Single-hole nozzle geometry is used with an injection pressure comparable to that used in internal combustion engines with direct injection system. The study is done to investigate the influence of several geometrical parameters on the onset of cavitation. The movement of the needle is also studied and compared, after offering to the code the possibility of moving mesh, to the results of several stationary needle lifts.
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Fabien dos Santos. Contribution à l'étude de la formation des sprays. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université de Bourgogne, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012DIJOS079⟩. ⟨tel-00869635⟩

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