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Studying the mechanisms of tRNALys(CUU) translocation into mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Abstract : RNA import into mitochondria is a ubiquitous process in eukaryotic cells. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae one cytosolic isoacceptor of tRNALys, tRNALys(CUU) (tRK1), is partially imported into mitochondria. Targeting of tRK1 to the mitochondrial surface is well described but the translocation of tRK1 into mitochondria is still poorly understood. This PhD work aimed to study this translocation step and the main objective was the identification and characterization of mitochondrial membrane proteins participating in this process. The two channel-forming proteins of the mitochondrial outer membrane, Tom40 and VDAC1, were identified and their role in tRK1 translocation further investigated with the help of in vitro and in vivo import studies using appropriate mutant strains or specific agents capable of blocking Tom40 and VDAC1. In this way, it could be demonstrated that deletion of the VDAC1 gene or inhibition of VDAC1 led to an important yet not complete inhibition of tRK1 import into mitochondria. Simultaneous blocking of the two channels formed by Tom40 and VDAC1, however, resulted in a complete inhibition of tRK1 import in vitro. Regarding these results we propose that tRK1 translocation through the mitochondrial outer membrane can use two alternative pathways.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00868796
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 2, 2013 - 1:14:20 AM
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Tom Schirtz. Studying the mechanisms of tRNALys(CUU) translocation into mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochemistry, Molecular Biology. Université de Strasbourg, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012STRAJ045⟩. ⟨tel-00868796⟩

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