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Synthèse et étude de composés Ga₂₋ₓFeₓO₃

Abstract : An interesting sub-class of the multiferroic materials are the multiferroic magnetoelectrics, in which exists a coupling between the two ferroic order parameters (magnetic and electric). From this viewpoint, the case of the (Ga₂₋ₓFeₓO₃)-class of materials has retained special attention. These compounds are now well-known for their high transition temperature as well as for the potential interaction between their ferrimagnetic and piezoelectric properties. Their crystallographic and magnetic structure are quite complicated, due to the existence of an internal site disorder. M₂Ga₂Fe₂O₉ (M=In, Sc) belongs to the (Ga₂₋ₓFeₓO₃)-class of materials and it was first synthesized in an attempt to obtain an ordered GaFeO₃ crystallographic structure. In order to study the physical properties of these compounds, Ga₂₋ₓFeₓO₃ (x=0.90, 1.00 and 1.10) single crystals have been synthesized by the floating zone method in an infrared image furnace, using different growth conditions. Indium doped GaFeO₃ (up to 10% indium content amount) and M₂Ga₂Fe₂O₉ (M=In, Sc) polycrystalline materials have been prepared by solid state reaction. Also, In₂Ga₂Fe₂O₉ single crystals were prepared by the flux method. The indium doped GaFeO₃ and Ga₂₋ₓFeₓO₃ samples crystallize in the Pc2₁n space group as determined from Rietveld refinement of the X-ray and neutron single crystals and powder patterns. The cell parameters and the Néel temperature (TN) of the Ga₂₋ₓFeₓO₃ single crystals varies linearly with the iron content amount. The occupation factors were calculated by refinement and the results showed a disordered structure (25% of the iron amount is found on the native gallium sites). The gradual incorporation of indium is accompanied by an increase of the cell volume and a decrease of the magnetic transition temperature. The magnetic excitations spectra measured for the Ga₂₋ₓFeₓO₃ single crystals revealed a coexistence of a ferrimagnetic ordering and a diffuse scattering signal below the Néel temperature. The diffuse signal suggests the existence of a spin glass like component due to the internal site disorder. Dielectric investigations showed no temperature dependent anomaly of the dielectric constant for the GaFeO₃ single crystal, suggesting a lack of a magnetoelectric coupling signal in this system. The Rietveld refinement of the X-ray and neutron powder patterns for the M₂Ga₂Fe₂O₉ (M=In, Sc) revealed a highly disordered orthorhombic Pba2 structure, offering four mixed cationic crystallographic sites. DC and AC susceptibility data in conjunction with the heat capacity data and Mössbauer measurements indicated a spin-glass-like behavior in this system, with a freezing temperature near Tf ≈ 19 K. The absence of an long range magnetic ordering and the existence of a transition from a paramagnetic state to a «frozen» state were showcased by the spin dynamics spectra measurements. The evidence for glassy behavior in the Ga₂₋ₓFeₓO₃ and M₂Ga₂Fe₂O₉ (M=In, Sc) systems highlights the importance of site disorder in determining the ground state magnetic properties.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00868789, version 1

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Monica Ciomaga Hatnean. Synthèse et étude de composés Ga₂₋ₓFeₓO₃. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112391⟩. ⟨tel-00868789⟩

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